Social Mobility

The Social Mobility Index looks at five measures of social mobility through education in each parliamentary constituency in England.

The five indicators are:

1. Performance of disadvantaged pupils in early years test

2. Performance of disadvantaged pupils in Key Stage 2 tests

3. Performance of disadvantaged pupils at GCSE

4. Progress of non-privileged/disadvantaged pupils to universities

5. Progress of non-privileged graduates to professional occupations

How the five indicators have been calculated

The Social Mobility Index ranks all 533 parliamentary constituencies in England according to five measures of social mobility through education. Looking at outcomes from the early years through to professional life, the data shows how well each constituency is doing in improving prospects for their most disadvantaged young people.

 by the Sutton Trust

Overall out of 533

Chatham and Aylesford          395th                Has Low Social Mobility

Gillingham and Rainham       306th                Has Low Social Mobility

Rochester and Strood              378th                 Has Low Social Mobility

 

1. Performance of disadvantaged pupils in early years assessments

This indicator is measured by the average results for pupils eligible for Free School Meals in Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) assessments in the constituency.

  • The percentage of young children known to be eligible for Free School Meals achieving a ‘good’ level of development in the EYFS assessments made between the ages of 0 and 5

Out of 533

Chatham and Aylesford         66th

Gillingham and Rainham       31st

Rochester and Strood              165th 

 

2. Performance of disadvantaged pupils in Key Stage 2 tests

  • The percentage of disadvantaged children achieving level 5 or above in reading, writing, and maths in Key Stage 2 tests at the age of eleven. Level 5 is a good indicator of high attainment at the end of primary school.

Out of 533

Chatham and Aylesford         217th (Joint)

Gillingham and Rainham       456th 

Rochester and Strood              217th  (Joint)

 

 3. Performance of disadvantaged pupils at GCSE

This indicator is measured by a combination of:

  • The percentage of disadvantaged children achieving 5A*-C at GCSE (excluding equivalents)
  • Average capped KS4 point score (GCSEs only) of disadvantaged children

Calculated the mean score on relevant measures for disadvantaged children, averaged across schools in the constituency . Took the average rank across these two indicators to find the overall GCSE ranking.

Out of 533

Chatham and Aylesford         419th

Gillingham and Rainham       400th 

Rochester and Strood              347th 

 

4. Progress of disadvantaged pupils to universities

As there is no reliable constituency level data for access to universities, local authority level data have been used for this indicator:

  • The proportion of young people on Free School Meals progressing to one to the ‘top third’ of universities
  • The proportion of young people on Free School Meals progressing to any higher education destination

Where there is no data for the relevant local authority, no constituency is ranked on this measure. To get an overall ranking on access to universities, an average of the results for the individual indicators was taken, where available.

Out of 533

Chatham and Aylesford         188th

Gillingham and Rainham       122th (Joint)

Rochester and Strood              122th  (Joint)

 

5. Progress of non-privileged graduates to professional occupations

 The indicator for this measure is the proportion of first generation graduates from the constituency going on to professional jobs.

Calculated the percentage of first generation graduates domiciled in the constituency who report being in a professional job
(defined as a job falling in National Statistics Socio-Economic Classification  analytic classes 1.1 or 1.2) or being in further study.

It is restricted to graduates who reported their main activity as being:

  • in full or part-time employment
  • full or part-time study
  • unemployment (excluding graduates who reported their main activity as being ‘other’ or ‘due to start work’).

Out of 533

Chatham and Aylesford         467th

Gillingham and Rainham       450th 

Rochester and Strood              418th 

 

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